Referatai, kursiniai, diplominiai

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Anglų kalbėjimas apie žalą gamtai ir pan.
Anglų kalba  Namų darbai   (1 psl., 11,8 kB)
Motivation at Royal Mail,Oxford Brookes University pirmo kurso darbas. Anglų kalba
Vadyba  Referatai   (6 psl., 11,4 kB)
SCHOOL SUBJECTS
2011-05-08
There are many subjects and many teathers at school. Every subject is important for teather, which he teathes. But sometimes some subjects are not important for studens. Senior pupils are decided what they are going to study, and decided which subjects are the least important, so they can renounse some subjects. I am going to speak about the subjects which I am studying.
Anglų kalba  Kalbėjimo temos   (1 psl., 6,45 kB)
Reklamos priemonių internete analizė BAKALAURO BAIGIAMASIS DARBAS
Rinkodara  Diplominiai darbai   (60 psl., 2,65 MB)
Ecological problems
2011-04-14
Ecological problems: air pollution, water pollution,littering, the green house effect
Anglų kalba  Pagalbinė medžiaga   (1 psl., 7,9 kB)
Anglu ese apie rukymo draudima. 10 klasei
Anglų kalba  Rašiniai   (1 psl., 6,59 kB)
Fresin Fries is a locally owned fast food outlet that will be positioned as an international franchise through our creative approach to the company's image and detail presentation. Fresin Fries will provide a combination of excellent food at value pricing, with fun packaging and atmosphere. Fresin Fries is the answer to an increasing demand for snack-type fast food, to be consumed while window shopping and walking around inside a shopping mall.
Administravimas  Dokumentai   (51 psl., 178,17 kB)
Apie Kinijos svarbą ir vaidmenį visame pasaulyje.
Anglų kalba  Rašiniai   (1 psl., 9,5 kB)
Brief description of economic situation in Lithuania
Administravimas  Referatai   (8 psl., 21,47 kB)
puikus rašinys anglų kalba apie aplinką ir ką padaryti,jog ją išsaugotume.
Anglų kalba  Rašiniai   (2 psl., 7,4 kB)
Labour relations
2010-09-22
In this paper we will analyze regulation of labour relations, speak about management problems in the companies looking from the law side. Besides analyze labor rights, their disputes, individual labour disputes and the labour disputes considered in courts.
Teisė  Referatai   (16 psl., 26,11 kB)
Šiame straipsnyje siekiama išskirti veiksnius, kurie svarbūs valdymui pokyčių kontekste. Šiuolaikiniame pasaulyje akivaizdus valstybių ir visuomenių suartėjimas. Kalbant apie pokyčius, neišvengiamai kyla klausimų apie mūsų ateitį. Teisingas pokyčių ir jų padarinių numatymas dar šiandien leistų organizacijų vadovams keisti strategijas ir pasirengti rytdienai. Tai garantuotų konkurencinį pranašumą ir sėkmingą organizacijų veiklą. Pagrindinių kaitos poveikio sričių nustatymas yra viena svarbiausių šiandienos vadybos mokslo problemų.
Ekonomika  Tyrimai   (7 psl., 31,14 kB)
63 anglų topikai
2010-05-31
BALANCED DIET, CINEMA, CRIME, ENVIRONMENT, EUROPEAN UNION & NATO, FOREIGN LANGUAGES, HISTORY OF CHRISTMAS, JUNK FOOD, LITHUANIA IN 50 YEARS’ TIME, MASS MEDIA, PROFILE EDUCATION, SMOKING & DRUGS, SPORT,TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT, TRANSPORT....
Anglų kalba  Kalbėjimo temos   (42 psl., 53,24 kB)
Dear Sir or Madam, Although I had never left my native country and saw other places, I have always been interested in other cultures, the way people are thinking and what they are doing to make the world better place to live. Since my early age, this interest spread in all over my mind, so after many researches and thinking I found out that Bachelor's Degree in International Management program in Aarhus University - Institute of Business and Technology of Denmark would be the best choice for my further studies. This program will give me valuable knowledge on how to deal with issues among others like globalization, international marketing and global supply chain management. Also I have some arguments that I would be a relevant candidate for Aarhus University.
Anglų kalba  Pagalbinė medžiaga   (1 psl., 4,48 kB)
Teenagers
2010-04-29
Teenager spends most of their money on clothes, CD, and going out. How do you usually spend your cash? What is your attitude towards saving? How much is your shopping influence by advertisements on TV, radio, newspapers, and magazine?
“ABOUT... PEOPLE and TRIPS”
Anglų kalba  Referatai   (5 psl., 9,7 kB)
Kolokacijos - tai žodžių junginiai, dažnai pasitaikantys sakytinėje ir rašytinėje kalboje, sukuriantys naują semantinę reikšmę ir skirstomi pagal savo funkciją ir sandarą. Kaip ir kiti kalbos vienetai, verčiant yra transformuojamos naudojant pagrindinius vertimo trasformacijų tipus – perkėlimą, pakeitimą, įterpimą ir praleidmą. Šio darbo tikslas – išrinkti kolokacijas, sudarytas iš veiksmažodžio ir daiktavardžio analizuojant Europos Sąjungos dokumentus ekologijos tema, pastebėti ir analizuoti kolokacijų vertimo transformacijas. Darbo uždaviniai – apžvelgti įvairių autorių teorinius požiūrius, susijusius su darbo objektu, pateikti asmeninę sampratą, apžvelgti transformacijų dėsningumus ir susisteminti bei apibendrinti tyrimo duomenis.
Kita  Kursiniai darbai   (17 psl., 52,89 kB)
Environment
2010-02-09
Many people believe that the way we live our lives today is having an extremely bad effect on the environment. Here are some examples of environmental problems and solutions. Pollution - is damage to the air, sea, rivers, or land caused by chemicals, waste and harmful gases. Pollutants include toxic waste, pesticides, and fertilizers.
Anglų kalba  Kalbėjimo temos   (1 psl., 5,4 kB)
Objektų saugyklos Pagrindinės informacijos saugyklos yra: 1. Registrai. Jie yra procesoriaus viduje, todėl tai pats sparčiausias išrinkimo tipas. Deja, registrų skaičius labai ribotas. Jais pagal poreikius manipuliuoja tik pats kompiliatorius. 2. Stekas. Yra RAM’e (tiesioginės kreipties atmintyje). Procesorius saugo nuorodą į šį steką, ir, vaikštant “aukštyn”/”žemyn”, informacija įrašoma ir paimama. Gana greitas būdas (antras po registrų). Šiaip jau Java pačių objektų steke nesaugo, nes reikėtų nuolat perskaičiuoti objektų dydžius, perstumiant steko nuorodą „aukštyn”/„žemyn”. C++ tai galima. 3. Krūva (heap - „netvarkusis masyvas”). Yra RAM’e. Tai ir yra ta vieta, kur saugomi visi Java programos objektai. Pagrindinis privalumas tas, kad kompiliatoriui nereikia žinoti kiek kiekvienas objektas užima vietos. Su new sakiniu sukurtas objektas vykdymo metu automatiškai pateks į „krūvą”. Aišku, operacijos sulėtės. 4. Statinė atmintis. Ji taip pat yra RAM’e, tik specialiai tam skirtoje vietoje. „Krūvoje” esantys tuo momentu nebereikalingi objektai gali būti šiukšlių rinktuvo automatiškai pašalinti, o statiniai objektų elementai išlieka iki programos darbo pabaigos. Tokie elementai sukuriami naudojant atributą static. Paprastieji tipai. Vis dėlto elementariems aritmetiniems veiksmams paspartinti Java turi ir paprastų duomenų tipų (byte, int, double, ...). Tai nėra objektai, todėl jiems sukurti nereikia new sakinio. Jų įvedimo priežastis ta, kad tokiems elementariems objektams sukurti ir padėti į „krūvą” būtų sugaištama per daug laiko. Paprastųjų tipų kintamieji saugomi steke. Kiekvienam procesui Java turi atskirą steką. Nepriklausymas nuo asmeninio kompiuterio (PC) architektūros Daugumos programavimo kalbų galutinis produktas yra vykdomasis (.exe tipo) modulis, susidedantis iš konkrečių instrukcijų PC procesoriui. Tačiau Windows sistemos dažniausiai naudoja Intel firmos procesorius, Macintosh sistema naudoja Motorola arba PowerPC procesorius ir t.t. Be to, kiekviena sistema (Windows,Unix, Linux) naudoja savas papildomas bibliotekas. Todėl klasikinė schema Kodas Kompiliatorius Redaktorius vykdomasis failas (*.exe) PC turi vieną gana didelį trūkumą – vienos sistemos produktas dažnai neveikia kitoje sistemoje. Šio trūkumo neturi programa, parašyta Java kalba. Esmė ta, kad čia negeneruojamos instrukcijos procesoriui, bet programos tekstas (kodas) kompiliuojamas į specialų objektinį kodą, vadinamą baitkodu. Šį kodą toliau skaito ir vykdo Java abstrakti virtualioji mašina (JVM), kurią turi kiekviena kompiuterinė sistema. Taigi turime tokią schemą: Kodas Kompiliatorius bait-kodas JVM Java abstrakti virtualioji mašina JVM JVM – tai speciali Sun Microsystems firmos programa (bait-kodo interpretatorius), parašyta kiekvienai operacinei sistemai atskirai. Tai JRE (Java Runtime Environment). Ji itraukta į populiariausių naršyklių sudėtį (Microsoft Internet Explorer, Netscape Navigator, Opera), į JDK (Java Development Kit ). Ją galima įdiegti ir atskirai. JVM jau gaminama ir atskiromis mikroshemomis. Taigi ją galima įdėti ne tik į PC, bet ir į TV stotis, o ateityje ir į buitinius prietaisus. Daugiaprocesė Programa tuo pat metu gali vykdyti keletą procesų (thread). Daugiaprocesiškumas yra organizuotas objektų lygmeniu – kiekvienas procesas yra atskiras objektas. Panaudojant synchronized modifikatorių resursai „užrakinami” (būtų blogai, jei keli procesai vienu metu rašytų informaciją į tą patį failą). Programų saugumas Saugumas užtikrinamas keliais lygiais. Tai ypač svarbu apletams (specialaus tipo taikomoji programa), nes jie plačiai naudojami interneto puslapiuose. Tam yra net speciali klasė java.lang.SecurityManager su eile metodų. Programinis lygis: - kadangi nėra adresų aritmetikos, tai neįmanoma programiškai sugadinti atminties; - neįmanoma perpildyti masyvo; - negalima ne tik rašyti, bet ir skaityti informacijos už masyvo ir eilutės ribų (todėl Java kalboje eilutė String nemodifikuojama). Baitkodo tikrintojas patikrina: - ar neperpildytas stekas; - ar su objektais neatliekamos draudžiamos operacijos; - ar tinkamai naudojami registrai; - ar teisingai keičiami kintamųjų tipai. „Smėlio dėžės” principas apletui: „įtartina” (neturinti skaitmeninio parašo) programa kaip vaikas įkeliama į smėlio dėžę ir negali : - skaityti/rašyti failo iš/į jūsų (kliento) PC; - išmesti, pervardyti, kurti naujų failų ir t.t. kliento PC. Vykdant apletą ne per tinklą, bet vietinėje failų sistemoje, didesnė dalis šių apribojimų netaikoma. Dar didesnes teises turi apletų paleidimo programa appletviewer.exe. Situacijų valdymas (exception) Nepageidautina situacija (klaida) – tai Java objektas, kuris sužadinamas klaidos vietoje ir vėliau gali būti „pagautas” ir apdorotas programoje. Taigi susidarius nepageidaujamai situacijai, pavyzdžiui, kai indeksas yra už masyvo ribų, galima ją „sugauti”, apdoroti ir tolesnius veiksmus jau nukreipti norima linkme. Tai nėra tas pats kaip tokių situacijų „gaudymas” naudojantis grąžinamomis reikšmėmis ar papildomais požymiais-kintamaisiais, kai galima tiesiog patingėti tai atlikti (arba blogai atlikti). Privalumas tas, kad kai kurių situacijų Java praleisti neleis – jas privalu kažkur apdoroti. Objektinis programavimas Java kalba Dar pačiai pirmajai objektinio programavimo kalbai Smalltalk Alan Kay suformulavo šiuos penkis objektinio programavimo (OP) principus: 1. Viskas yra objektas. Objektas ir saugo duomenis, ir atlieka operacijas su jais (duomenų ir metodų sujungimas į visumą). 2. Programa – tai grupė objektų, bendraujančių per pranešimus (pranešimu galima laikyti ir objekto metodo iškvietimą). 3. Kiekvienas objektas turi savąją atmintį, susidedančią iš kitų objektų (kompozicija - objekto viduje naudojami prieš tai sukurti objektai). 4. Kiekvienas objektas yra kurio nors tipo (klasės). 5. Tam tikros grupės objektai gali priimti tuos pačius pranešimus (paveldėjimas). Pabandykime perfrazuoti šiuos OP principus Java kalbos požiūriu. Duomenų ir metodų sujungimas į visumą (encapsulation) Duomenų ir jų apdorojimo metodų sujungimas į visumą Java kalboje atliekamas naudojant klasę. Taigi klasė yra tipas arba objekto šablonas, kurį sudaro duomenys ir metodai. Objektas jau yra realus klasės egzempliorius kompiuterio atmintyje. Objekto modelį galime pavaizduoti kaip kapsulę: Taigi sudarius A klasę, joks realus objektas atmintyje dar nesukuriamas: class A { // klasės turinys } Objekto dar nėra ir paskelbus A klasės tipo kintamąjį x: A x; Objektas gali būt sukurtas ir sakiniu new: x = new A(); //Objektas sukurtas! // arba iš karto: A x = new A(); Taigi objektas sukuriamas dinamiškai programos vykdymo metu sakiniu new: KlasėsVardas objektoVardas = new KlasėsVardas(); Arba dviem etapais : KlasėsVardas objektoVardas; ObjektoVardas = new KlasėsVardas(); Klasei galima sukurti neribotą skaičių objektų. Grižkime prie kapsulės. Jis turi būti uždaras. Pirma, tai užtikrina duomenų apsaugą, nes vartotojas gali atlikti su duomenimis tik tas operacijas, kurias jam leidžia tam skirti metodai. Antra, programuotojas-vartotojas gali rašyti programas „aukštesniu” lygiu, t.y. jis visiškai pasitiki esamais metodais ir jam nebereikia leistis į smulkmenas ir jų tikrinti. Ir trečia, programų (metodų) pakeitimai ir atnaujinimai programuotojui-vartotojui visai neturi reikšmės. Paveldėjimas (inheritance) ir kompozicija Tai klasės sugebėjimas paveldėti protėvių klasės duomenis ir metodus. Literatūroje vartojama daug skirtingų terminų. Pagrindinė klasė vadinama paveldimąja klase, superklase, protėvių klase, bazine arbs tėvo klase. Analogiškai naujoji klasė vadinama paveldinčiąja klase, subklase, palikuonių klase, išvestine arba vaiko klase. Mes vartosime terminus tėvo klasė ir vaiko klasė. Taigi vaiko klasė paveldi visus matomus (ne private tipo) tėvo klasės metodus ir kintamuosius. Visos Java klasės yra kilusios iš java.lang.Object klasės ir automatiškai palaiko visus jos metodus. Java neturi daugialypio paveldėjimo (netiesiogiai tai galima išspręsti naudojant interfeisus). Nereikia painioti sąvokų „kompozicija” ir „paveldėjimas”. Kompozicija – tai kitos klasės objekto panaudojimas naujai projektuojamoje klasėje. Kompozicija naudojama tada, kai kuriama nauja klasė tiesiog naudoja kitos klasės metodus. Paveldėjimas naudojamas tada, kai nauja klasė naudoja kitos klasės struktūra (interfeisą). Plačiau apie paveldėjimą aprašoma ketvirtame skyriuje. Polimorfizmas (polymorphism) Galime skirti dvi polimorfizmo rūšis. Tai metodų perkrova ir metodų užklotis. Metodų perkrova (overloading). Klasėje naudojama keletas metodų tuo pačiu vardu. Būtina sąlyga – metodai turi skirtis savo antraštėmis (parametrų skaičiumi arba parametrų tipais). Grąžinamos reikšmės tipas čia įtakos neturi. Metodo pasirinkimą nusako jo iškvietimo formatas. Tai atliekama jau kompiliavimo metu (tai dar vadinama „ankstyvuoju susiejimu”). Plačiau apie metodų perkrovą rašoma 3.5. skyrelyje „Metodų perkrova”. Metodų užklotis (overriding). Tėvo ir vaiko klasės turi vienodus metodus. Būtinos sąlygos: turi sutapti ne tik šių metodų vardai, bet ir jų antraštes bei grąžinamų reikšmių tipai. Taigi vaiko klasės metodas gali pakeisti (užkloti) tėvo klasės metodą. Metodo pasirinkimą lemia objekto, kuriam šis metodas kviečiamas, tipas (jei objektas yra tėvo klasės tipo, tai bus kviečiamas jos metodas, priešingu atveju – vaiko). Metodas parenkamas vykdymo metu (tai dar vadinama „susiejimu vykdant”). Plačiau apie metodų užklotį rašoma 4.2. skyrelyje “Metodų užklotis”. 1.3. Trys Java programų tipai Pirmas. Taikomoji programa (application) su komandų eilutės sąsaja Tai pats paprasčiausias ir kartu nevaizdžiausias programos tipas. Programa paleidžiama main metodu. Taigi bent viena programos klasė privalo turėti main metodą. Šiaip jau kiekviena klasė gali turėti po vieną main metodą (tai patogu testuojant klases), tačiau vienu metu galima naudoti tiktai vieną main metodą. Pasibaigus visiems main metodo sakiniams, programa baigia darbą. Parašykime tradicinę pirmąją Java programėlę, kuri juodame Command Prompt (arba FAR Manager) lange išveda tekstą „Labas, Java”. ETAPAI: 1. Bet kuriuo redaktoriumi (kad ir NotePad) parašome pirmosios programos tekstą (visi Java kalbos žodžiai pajuodinti): // Pirmoji Java programa public class Labas { public static void main(String args[]) { System.out.println("Labas, Java"); } } ir įrašome į diską vardu „KlasėsVardas.java” (šiuo atveju vardu „Labas.java”). 2. Kviečiame kompiliatorių javac.exe, kuris patikrina programos sintaksę, perkoduoja jos tekstą į bait-kodą ir įrašo jį į diską vardu „KlasėsVardas.class” (šiuo atveju vardu „Labas.class”): >javac Labas.java P.S. Jei jūsų kompiuteryje nėra nustatyto kelio į katalogą, kur yra kompiliatorius javac.exe, tai reikia nurodyti visą kelią iki jo. Pvz.: >D:\jdk1.3\bin\javac Labas.java Jei nėra klaidų, tai kompiliatorius paprastai jokių pranešimų ir neišveda. Taip po kompiliacijos atrodo Far Manager langas (šiuo atveju failas Labas.java įrašytas į katalogą D:\Java\Pavyzdziai\labas): 3. Kviečiama JVM java.exe vykdyti programą (failo tipas class nenurodomas): >java Labas Naudojant vizualias aplinkas (JBuilder, Visual Studio J++, VisualCafe ar kitas), vykdymo scenarijus keičiasi. Antras. Taikomoji programa su vartotojo sąsaja Programa čia taip pat paleidžiama main metodu. Tačiau paleidimo tikslas dažniausiai yra tik vienas – sukurti vartotojo sąsajos langą ir perduoti jam visą valdymą. Toliau jau sąsajos elementais (meniu, mygtukais, teksto laukais ir t.t.) atliekami norimi veiksmai ir programa veiks tol, kol uždarysime šios sąsajos langą. Vėlgi parašykime tą pačią programą, išvedančią tekstą „Labas, Java”. Programos rašymo ir paleidimo scenarijus visiškai toks pat kaip ir pirmojo tipo programos. Tiesa, programos tekstas atrodys truputėlį kitoks: // Pirmoji Java programa su vartotojo sąsaja. import javax.swing.*; import java.awt.*; public class LabasSuSasaja extends JFrame { public void paint(Graphics g) { g.drawString("Labas, Java", 50, 60); } public static void main(String[] args) { LabasSuSasaja langas = new LabasSuSasaja(); langas.setDefaultCloseOperation (JFrame.EXIT_ON_CLOSE); langas.setSize(200, 100); langas.setTitle("Programa su sasaja"); langas.setVisible(true); } } Vėl kompiliuojame ir vykdome programą: >D:\jdk1.3\bin\javac LabasSuSasaja.java >java LabasSuSasaja Tačiau dabar ekrane pamatysime tokį vaizdą: Trečias. Apletas (applet) Šio tipo taikomąją programą turi tiktai Java. Apletas – tai programa, klaidžiojanti internete ir vykdoma „kliento” kompiuteryje. Ji nenaudoja main metodo. Tačiau kaip ir taikomojoje programoje su vartotojo sąsaja, apleto vykdymas paremtas įvykių apdorojimu. Naršyklė pati rūpinasi apleto veikimu: stabdo jį pereinant į kitą langą, perpiešia keičiant lango dydį ir t.t. Parašykime tą pačią tradicinę programą, bet jau kaip apletą. ETAPAI: 1. Naudodamiesi bet kuriuo redaktoriumi parašome programos-apleto tekstą: // Pirmasis Java apletas import java.applet.*; import java.awt.*; public class LabasApletas extends Applet { public void paint(Graphics g) { g.drawString("Labas, Java", 50, 60); } } ir įrašome į diską vardu „LabasApletas.java”. 2. Šis etapas analogiškas - kviečiame kompiliatorių javac, ir šis gautą baitkodą įrašo į diską vardu „LabasApletas.class”: >javac LabasApletas.java 3. Tačiau jis vykdomas visiškai kitaip negu taikomoji programa. Apletas vykdomas naršykle (galima ir su appletviewer.exe), todėl bet kuriuo redaktoriumi sukuriamas nedidelis HTML failas. Šį failą bet kuriuo vardu įrašome ten pat, kur yra mūsų gautas LabasApletas.class failas: <HTML> <applet CODE = "LabasApletas.class" width = 200 height = 100> </applet> </HTML> P.S. a) Kabutės nebūtinos; b) CODE = „tik paprastas failo vardas, be kelio!”; c) Norint nurodyti kelią, naudojamas CODEBASE = URL. 4. Atidarome šį HTML failą bet kuria naršykle (Explorer, Netscape ar Opera) arba pasinaudojame SDK sudėtyje esančia appletviewer programa (appletviewer xxx.html). Prisiminkime, jog naršyklė savo viduje turi JVM, todėl ji pati ir vykdo šį apletą: Kai kurios vizualios aplinkos HTML failą generuoja automatiškai. Naudojant aplete Swing elementus (pirmųjų sąsajų elementai buvo vadinami AWT), anksčiau minėtos struktūros HTML failas kai kurioms naršyklėms nebetinka (appletviewer niekas nepasikeitė). Esmė ta, kad Java 2 versijos nuorodos applet html faile buvo atsisakyta. Apletai dabar paleidžiami naršyklių papildymo programomis Java Plug-in.
Informatika  Konspektai   (83,34 kB)
Social motives
2009-12-22
Hormonal control At puberty – roughly ages 11 to 14 – hormone changes produce the bodily changes that serve to distinguish males from females. The general idea is that endocrine glands manufacture hormones (chemical messengers), which travel through the bloodstream to target organs. The basic scheme is simple: by way of hormones, the hypothalamus directs the pituitary, which in turn directs the gonads – the ovaries and the testes. The hormones produced by the gonads – estrogen, progesterone, and androgen – are called sex hormones. These hormones are responsible for the body changes at puberty. In girls, estrogen causes the development of breasts, the changes in the distribution of body fat that results in a more feminine form, and the maturation of the female genitals. In boys, testosterone (a kind of androgen) is responsible for the sudden growth of facial, underarm, and pubic hair; it also causes a deepening of the voice, the development of muscles that lead to a more masculine form, and the growth of the external genitals. In other species, sexual arousal is closely tied to variations in hormonal levels; in humans, however, hormones play less of a role. Neural Control In humans, some of the neural mechanisms involved are at the level of spinal cord. But the organ most responsible for the regulation of sexual arousal and behavior is the brain. Early Experiences Experience has little influence on the mating behavior of lower mammals – inexperienced rats will copulate as efficiently as experienced ones – but it is a major determinant of the sexual behavior of higher mammals. Monkeys raised in partial isolation (in separate wire cages, where they can see other monkeys but cannot have contact with them) are usually unable to copulate at maturity. These monkeys have social or affectional problems: even in nonsexual situations, they are unable to relate to other monkeys. Apparently, normal heterosexual behavior in primates depends also on an affectional bond between two members of the opposite sex. Clinical observations of human infants suggest certain parallels. They develop their first feelings of trust and affection through a loving relationship with the mother. This basic trust is a prerequisite for satisfactory interactions with peers. And affectionate relationship with other youngsters of both sexes lay the groundwork for the intimacy required for the intimacy for sexual relationships among adults. Cultural Influences Unlike that of other primates, human sexual behavior is strongly determined by culture. Every society places some restrictions on sexual behavior. Incest (sexual relations within the family), for example, is prohibited by almost all cultures. Sexual activity among children, homosexuality, masturbation, premarital sex – are permitted in varying degrees by different societies. Although western society is becoming increasingly permissive about premarital sex, men and women still differ in their attitudes toward sex (the majority of women need emotional involvement). Homosexuality Someone is considered homosexual if they are sexually attracted primarily to members of the same sex. Sexual interactions with members of the same sex are not uncommon during childhood, but only a small percentage of people become exclusively homosexual as adults. Extensive interviews with homosexuals suggest that they do not differ from heterosexuals with regard to their identifications with parents of the opposite sex, or with regard to the nature of their first sexual encounter. For exclusive homosexuals, there may be a biological predisposition (hypothesis that homosexuals and heterosexuals may differ with respect to the hormones they were exposed to while still in the womb). EARLY SEXUAL DEVELOPMENT One needs to develop an appropriate gender identity - males need to think of themselves as males, and females as females. This development is quite complex and begins in the womb. Prenatal hormones For the first couple of months after conception, both sexes are identical in appearance. Between 2 and 3 months, a primitive gonad develops into testes (if XY) or into ovaries (if XX). They start producing sex hormones, which then control the development of internal reproduction structures and the external genitals. The critical hormone in genital development is androgen. If enough androgen is produced, the newborn will have male genitals; if there is insufficient androgen, the newborn will have female genitals, even if it is genetically male. After the genitals, androgen begins to masculinize the brain. Hormones versus Environment In cases in which hormonal imbalances result in hermaphrodites (individuals born with both male and female tissue), the assigned label and the sex role in which the individual is raised seem to have greater influence on gender identity than do the individual’s genes and hormones.
Environmental conditions shape behavior through learning; a person’s behavior, in turn, shapes the environment. Persons and situations influence each other reciprocally (abipusishkai). To predict behavior, we need to know how the characteristics of the individual interact with the characteristics of the situation. The S.C. approach is the contemporary descendent of behaviorism and its outgrowth, stimulus-response psychology, which were dominant in the first half of this century. Like the psychoanalytic approach, the S.C. approach to personality is very deterministic. In contrast to the psychoanalytic approach, however, it pays very little attention to biological determinants. Like its parent, behaviorism, the social learning approach has been strongly influenced by the ideas of Darwin. The processes of learning shape the individual’s behavioral repertoire to be adaptive to his or her environment. Through its emphasis on specifying the environmental variables that evoke specific behaviors, S.C. theory has made a major contribution to both clinical psychology and personality theory. It has led us to see human actions as reactions to specific environments, and it has helped us to focus on the way in which environments control our behavior and how they can be changed to modify behavior. The careful application of learning principles has proved successful in changing maladaptive behavior. S.C. theorists have also challenged the notion that individuals are cross-situanionally consistent, forcing other personality theorists to reexamine the fundamental assumptions of their approaches. S.C. theorists have been criticized for overemphasizing the importance of situational influences on behavior and thus losing the person in personality psychology. Many personality theorists are unwilling to concede that personality has as little cross-situational consistency as social learning implies.
So I can assert that the greatest influence on environment has the philosophy. And the biggest philosophies are the religions. But now I have to be disillusioned with the absence of the proper religion. If we take for example the Indian - this religion treats the world as an illusion. The reality is the great one. I don’t think that kind of philosophy / religion is effective in forming a backdrop for environmental responsibility. We are growing larger and larger as a world. More and more people will be inhabiting the earth, and we will need to do more to see that the world can provide for us all. Where will we find the appropriate philosophy for it? Indian religion, with respect for the spirits of the animals and the trees, cuts closer to the kind of philosophy I would like to see. However, the religion is perhaps too deferential. Indian religion arose in an atmosphere of relative abundance and few people. Indian philosophy of the environment is predicated on an abundance and not subduing our environment to make it produce more. The ways are traditional and more passive. The earth gives us what we need, and we take what we need. With the amount of population of the world today, however, we do need the division of labour and economies of scale to allow for the abundance of food and needed items to feed, house, and cloth the world’s people. If we look to the East we will found that this philosophy is not appropriate at all. Too big population will cause the lack of food, houses, and clothes. For some people of this religion the ideas of saving the environment may seem completely alien. In my opinion some places of this religion should be changed, should be updated. The same thing is with the Christian religion. If we look through the history we can find lots of facts when Christianity was trying to stop the development of science. If it had happened differently the great pollution would have started earlier. But on other hand the people would have earlier noticed the impact of human-beings on the environment. The Christians tenets indicates all the human’s behaviour, except his relationship with nature.
Protecting nature
2009-12-22
So I can assert that the greatest influence on environment has the philosophy. And the biggest philosophies are the religions. But now I have to be disillusioned with the absence of the proper religion. If we take for example the Indian - this religion treats the world as an illusion. The reality is the great one. I don’t think that kind of philosophy / religion is effective in forming a backdrop for environmental responsibility. We are growing larger and larger as a world. More and more people will be inhabiting the earth, and we will need to do more to see that the world can provide for us all. Where will we find the appropriate philosophy for it? Indian religion, with respect for the spirits of the animals and the trees, cuts closer to the kind of philosophy I would like to see. However, the religion is perhaps too deferential. Indian religion arose in an atmosphere of relative abundance and few people. Indian philosophy of the environment is predicated on an abundance and not subduing our environment to make it produce more. The ways are traditional and more passive. The earth gives us what we need, and we take what we need. With the amount of population of the world today, however, we do need the division of labour and economies of scale to allow for the abundance of food and needed items to feed, house, and cloth the world’s people. If we look to the East we will found that this philosophy is not appropriate at all. Too big population will cause the lack of food, houses, and clothes. For some people of this religion the ideas of saving the environment may seem completely alien. In my opinion some places of this religion should be changed, should be updated. The same thing is with the Christian religion. If we look through the history we can find lots of facts when Christianity was trying to stop the development of science. If it had happened differently the great pollution would have started earlier. But on other hand the people would have earlier noticed the impact of human-beings on the environment. The Christians tenets indicates all the human’s behaviour, except his relationship with nature.
The living conditions in our city are getting worse and worse. Exhaust fumes and smoke from the factories are polluting the air. Furthermore, the rivers and sea are being polluted by chemicals from the factories and people are suffering from breathing difficulties and stomach problems. We should do something it is too late. Air pollution is very important problem in our town. The biggest air polluters are cars. They give off dangerous fumes. Consequently, people get sick breathing diseases. To prevent from polluters governments should improve public transport, people can buy better pollution protecting cars or often to walk it. Water pollution is a serious problem caused by human activities. Factories are dumping their garbage into the sea or rivers! We have to teach world that water is our life and we must to save it! For example we can stop using the products of companies whose factories cause pollution and so on. There is a lot of rubbish in the streets in our town. And I think that we have provide more litter bins in the streets and parks. Our town denizens like picnics near the river. After picnic they leave a lot of plastic bottles, packing and disposal container. It is very pathetic sight… But when we will change it? When we will give though that we are killing myself, our nature that we all are part of the nature?... We have to say our friends and survivors not to litter because it is very bad indeed for our environment! All things considered there are many solutions to all the problems. The sooner we put them into practice, the better our lives will become.
Anglų kalba  Rašiniai   (3,62 kB)
Most of the evidence bearing on the inheritance of intelligence is derived from studies correlating IQs between persons of various degrees of genetic relationship. Although genetic determinants of intelligence are strong the results indicate that environment is also important. Note that when siblings are reared together – in the same home environment – IQ similarly increases. Other studies have shown that the intellectual ability of adopted children is higher than would be predicted on the basis of their natural parents’ ability. In the absence of better-controlled studies, a reliable estimate of heritability is not possible. Heredity clearly has an effect on intelligence, but the degree of this effect is uncertain. It is probably less influential than some researchers have claimed but not completely nonexistent, as others have claimed. Most probably, intellectual ability is determined by a number of genes whose individual effects are small but cumulative. The environmental conditions that determine how an individual’s intellectual potential will develop include nutrition, health, quality of stimulation, emotional climate of the home, and type of feedback elicited by behavior. Head Start Programs Because children from underprivileged families tend to fall behind in cognitive development even before they enter school, efforts have been made to provide more intellectual stimulation for these children during their early years. In some programs, special teachers visited the children at home several times a week to play with them. They provided the kind of intellectual stimulation that children in upper-class homes usually receive from their parents. The visiting teachers also taught the parents how to provide the same kinds of activities for their children. In general, the results of these early education programs have been promising. Children who have participated in such programs score higher on entering school and tend to be more self-confident and socially competent than children who have not received special attention. Studies correlating IQs between persons with varying degrees of genetic relationship show that heredity plays a role in intelligence. Estimates of heritability vary, however; such environmental factors as nutrition, intellectual stimulation, and emotional climate of the home will influence where a person’s IQ will fall within the reaction range determined by heredity.
Direct observation deals with naturally occurring behavior. It is commonly used by biopsychologists to observe animal behavior in natural conditions. Humans can also be observed by direct observation, although that kind of observation requires specific techniques. There are many different techniques that describe the timing of observation, its frequency, longitude, the way data should be recorded in video and audio devices, or written in protocols. Direct observation is usually divided into laboratory observations and field observations. For the first one, psychologists create an artificial situation and watch someone solving it. This method allows an objective data gathering where almost all variables can be controlled, eliminated or changed. While field observations or naturalistic research takes place in the natural environment. Usually the observer has to camouflage himself in order not to be spotted and not to intercept with the experiment. There is a big fight over these two methods. Naturalistic observation provides data that is much closer to the reality, although it is impossible to control the factors that may influence the observed behavior. Indirect observation can be split into questionnaires, interviews and psychological testing. Questionnaires allow social scientists to collect information quickly and cheaply. It also gives an opportunity to examine a big group of individuals at the same time. Usually questionnaires ask for readily available information and do not require a lot of soul-searching. Psychological testing is another form of an indirect observation. It is usually used to observe: mental health, intelligence, moods, personality traits, beliefs, feelings, needs, opinions, abilities, knowledge and the like. Tests vary in formats from questionnaire type to the exam looking like. Some tests can be made to exam large groups while others certain individuals. Interviews and questionnaires are also quite similar. Interviews are closer to direct observation method then testing or than questionnaires, because interviews involve an investigator, who collects data in face-to-face manner. Interviews can be structured or open-ended. Structured interviews have definite questions that everyone is expected to answer and precise answer options may be available. While open-ended interviews allow respondents to speak whatever they like under mere question construction designed by the examiner. Although interview is an expensive method for data gathering, since it involves a tête-à-tête work of a qualified psychologist.
Cheating
2009-12-22
I take a very difficult exam. I have to study for about one week. But I do not. I read a bit every day and I feel calm, because I know I will be able to cheat. Everybody knows that, but some of my group mates study a lot. They study for themselves, for the future or because they are really interested in that subject. I am not interested at all. After the exam we find out that all students got good marks. But somebody is not satisfied or jealous, so he goes and tells the lecturer the names of those people who cheated. He tells my name too. I am very upset- not because I have cheated, but because I can trust nobody in my group. How could I be so stupid and tell that man such a simple thing… Cheating is a very popular phenomenon in our country. In other countries the prevalence of cheating differs. And it is a problem of educational system, not of students. When the disciplines are interesting and useful, students are fond of learning, not of cheating. But the worst thing is that nobody can change this system rapidly: it requires much time, money and hard work. Firstly, honors code like Groveton’s ruins the relationships between students. A student can not trust anybody and tell that he is going to cheat. That is, he has to lie to his mates that he knows a lot, that he has studied for weeks. And it is very difficult (I would say impossible) to find real friends from the university environment. For example, I would not call a friend such a man, to whom I have to lie, who can lodge a complaint against me after every test or exam. The most important thing in friendship is trust and freedom to talk, share impressions. Sometimes it is so great to tell a real friend: “That was the best cheating in my life…” In our society lots of students’ best friends are from their course. If students would have to sign an honor code, the relationships between them changed a lot. There could be no talk about marriages between group mates, because what is a marriage without trust and supporting a spouse? Or there could be another way out of such situation: to break an oath and to lodge complaints only against some students. But on the other hand, if one breaks an oath, there is no need to report about cheating at all. So what should a poor student do? Another difficulty is that the information can be not reliable. If one student hates somebody, it is natural that he tries to do harm to the object of hate. And he can say that he is cheating after every exam and test. Karen Horney says that some people are inclined to competitiveness. Such people try to damage a competitor in order to enhance their own position or glory or to keep down a potential rival. For such a man it is more important to see others defeated than to succeed himself. In universities it is natural that they would try to defeat their mates (competitors) in the easiest way- they will tell that others have cheated. And it is very difficult to check such information. I think that people can not be forced to sign such documents as honor codes, because nobody can make disgraceful people become honorable. The ones who are honorable will not cheat without signing any paper, and the ones who want to cheat, will pay no attention to what they have signed. I think that forcing to sign an honor code would insult me a bit, because I can be honorable without a code, and it is nobody’s business. It is up to me and my conscience to decide whether I will cheat or not. University is not a secondary school, where students have to learn lots of needless subjects. Almost everything that is taught at universities is necessary for the future job. Students choose a profession to study, which interests them, and so they are fond of learning and knowing a lot.
Business Culture
2009-12-22
Doing business in the US could be quite different from the way it is done in your home country. The greetings, dress codes, and schedules may vary from what you are habituated to. Here are some proper approaches to conduct business in a proper way in the US: Business Dressing Every individual company sets certain standards for business outfits. Usually, as a general rule, most of the large companies and organizations require a more formal dress. Most companies have a formal dress code for their particular business. Some companies may supply uniforms for some, or all of their employees. You could check with your employer whether they have any policy on dress code and what they feel is the most appropriate outfit for your position. If you choose to wear jewelry, it should be minimum and compliment your outfit. Large, flashy jewelry is usually not appropriate for a business environment. Business hours The normal business hours are Monday through Friday, 8.30 or 9.00 a.m. to 5 or 6 pm, with a 30 to 60 minute lunch break. Punctuality Being on time is a very important rule of business etiquette. Every effort should be made to arrive on time to any scheduled meetings or appointments. If you would be late for an appointment, then a call should be made announcing the expected delay. On the other hand regularly arriving late or missing appointments would have a negative impact on your business. Greetings & Introductions It is customary for business meeting with people from outside your company to begin and end with a firm handshake. Eye contact should be maintained during the handshake and whenever someone is speaking to you. During introductions, listen carefully to the pronunciation of the persons name so that you could address properly. While introducing yourself, give your full name not just the first name. You could take help of others in your company to find out when it would be appropriate to address someone by their first name only, or whether they should be addressed in a more formal manner (i.e. Mr. Robin). Avoid using nicknames until the person permits you to do so. The appropriate way of addressing someone may depend partly on his or her position in the company. For instance, it could be acceptable if you address your coworkers by their first name but not the senior officers of the company. This is a bird's eye view of the US business culture to help you assist you for your first visit. Your employers and coworkers could be of great help for you to adjust and make your work experience enjoyable and successful.
Anglų kalba  Straipsniai   (5,02 kB)
In our world are a lot of animals. Some of them live their usual life. Others are threatened of extinction. They live only in theirs specific areas. Some of them are just on extinction, but there are a lot of which number of population is really small. Animals which are on extinction are the following: stoats (šermuonėlis), seals (ruonis), white hares (baltasis kiškis), black storks and grass snakes. They are threatening of extinction because of some reasons. First and the most important reason is that these animals haven’t got fitted to them residence. They live in uninhabitable areas. They haven’t got specific food, and they can’t adapt to alterable living conditions. Second reason why there are endangered animals is that man's mastery over his environment is really huge. First here are a lot of factories and companies which are polluting air and water. Second there are cutting down forests on a mass scale. One more human’s harm is that hunters are hunting some animals for their fur, skin or bones. Animals are vanishing apace, and if we don’t take measures animals will disappear and it is unstoppable. So what should we done? First I think we have to try to reduce air and water pollution. We have to try to live cleanly. We ought to stop littering and using chemicals. Second way how to protect these vanishing animals is to transpose them to the zoo or into their specific and fitted areas. In these areas they can live their normal lives. To sum up I want to say that all of us have to understand that if these animals will disappear we can’t restore them.
Anglų kalba  Rašiniai   (3,04 kB)
Acid rain
2009-12-22
. On both sides of the border, cars and trucks are the main sources for nitric acid(about 40% of the total), while power generating plants and industrial commercial and residential fuel combustion together contribute most of the rest. In the air, the sulphur dioxide and nitrogen oxides can be transformed into sulphuric acid and nitric acid, and air current can send them thousands of kilometres from the source.When the acids fall to the earth in any form it will have large impact on the growth or the preservation of certain wildlife. NO DEFENCE Areas in Ontario mainly southern regions that are near the Great Lakes, such substances as limestone or other known antacids can neutralize acids entering the body of water thereby protecting it. However, large areas of Ontario that are near the Pre©Cambrian Shield, with quartzite or granite based geology and little top soil, there is not enough buffering capacity to neutralize even small amounts of acid falling on the soil and the lakes. Therefore over time, the basic environment shifts from an alkaline to a acidic one. This is why many lakes in the Muskoka, Haliburton, Algonquin, Parry Sound and Manitoulin districts could lose their fisheries if sulphur emissions are not reduced substantially. ACID The average mean of pH rainfall in Ontario's Muskoka©Haliburton lake country ranges between 3.95 and 4.38 about 40 times more acidic than normal rainfall, while storms in Pennsilvania have rainfall pH at 2.8 it almost has the same rating for vinegar. Already 140 Ontario lakes are completely dead or dying. An additional 48 000 are sensitive and vulnerable to acid rain due to the surrounding concentrated acidic soils.Ô ACID RAIN CONSISTS OF....? Canada does not have as many people, power plants or automobiles as the United States, and yet acid rain there has become so severe that Canadian government officials called it the most pressing environmental issue facing the nation. But it is important to bear in mind that acid rain is only one segment, of the widespread pollution of the atmosphere facing the world. Each year the global atmosphere is on the receiving end of 20 billion tons of carbon dioxide, 130 million tons of suffer dioxide, 97 million tons of hydrocarbons, 53 million tons of nitrogen oxides, more than three million tons of arsenic, cadmium, lead, mercury, nickel, zinc and other toxic metals, and a host of synthetic organic compounds ranging from polychlorinated biphenyls(PCBs) to toxaphene and other pesticides, a number of which may be capable of causing cancer, birth defects, or genetic imbalances. COST OF ACID RAIN Interactions of pollutants can cause problems. In addition to contributing to acid rain, nitrogen oxides can react with hydrocarbons to produce ozone, a major air pollutant responsible in the United States for annual losses of $2 billion to 4.5 billion worth of wheat, corn, soyabeans, and peanuts. A wide range of interactions can occur many unknown with toxic metals. In Canada, Ontario alone has lost the fish in an estimated 4000 lakes and provincial authorities calculate that Ontario stands to lose the fish in 48 500 more lakes within the next twenty years if acid rain continues at the present rate.Ontario is not alone, on Nova Scotia's Eastern most shores, almost every river flowing to the Atlantic Ocean is poisoned with acid. Further threatening a $2 million a year fishing industry. Ô Acid rain is killing more than lakes. It can scar the leaves of hardwood forest, wither ferns and lichens, accelerate the death of coniferous needles, sterilize seeds, and weaken the forests to a state that is vulnerable to disease infestation and decay. In the soil the acid neutralizes chemicals vital for growth, strips others from the soil and carries them to the lakes and literally retards the respiration of the soil. The rate of forest growth in the White Mountains of New Hampshire has declined 18% between 1956 and 1965, time of increasingly intense acidic rainfall. Acid rain no longer falls exclusively on the lakes, forest, and thin soils of the Northeast it now covers half the continent. EFFECTS There is evidence that the rain is destroying the productivity of the once rich soils themselves, like an overdose of chemical fertilizer or a gigantic drenching of vinegar. The damage of such overdosing may not be repairable or reversible. On some croplands, tomatoes grow to only half their full weight, and the leaves of radishes wither. Naturally it rains on cities too, eating away stone monuments and concrete structures, and corroding the pipes which channel the water away to the lakes and the cycle is repeated. Paints and automobile paints have its life reduce due to the pollution in the atmosphere speeding up the corrosion process. In some communities the drinking water is laced with toxic metals freed from metal pipes by the acidity. As if urban skies were not already grey enough, typical visibility has declined from 10 to 4 miles, along the Eastern seaboard, as acid rain turns into smogs. Also, now there are indicators that the components of acid rain are a health risk, linked to human respiratory disease. PREVENTION However, the acidification of water supplies could result in increased concentrations of metals in plumbing such as lead, copper and zinc which could result in adverse health effects. After any period of non©use, water taps at summer cottages or ski chalets they should run the taps for at least 60 seconds to flush any excess debris. Ô STATISTICS Although there is very little data, the evidence indicates that in the last twenty to thirty years the acidity of rain has increased in many parts of the United States. Presently, the United States annually discharges more than 26 million tons of suffer dioxide into the atmosphere. Just three states, Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois are responsible for nearly a quarter of this total. Overall, twoªthirds of the suffer dioxide into the atmosphere over the United States comes from coal©fired and oil fired plants. Industrial boilers, smelters, and refineries contribute 26%; commercial institutions and residences 5%; and transportation 3%. The outlook for future emissions of suffer dioxide is not a bright one. Between now and the year 2000, United States utilities are expected to double the amount of coal they burn. The United States currently pumps some 23 million tons of nitrogen oxides into the atmosphere in the course of the year. Transportation sources account for 40%; power plants, 30%; industrial sources, 25%; and commercial institutions and residues, 5%. What makes these figures particularly distributing is that nitrogen oxide emissions have tripled in the last thirty years. FINAL THOUGHTS Acid rain is very real and a very threatening problem. Action by one government is not enough. In order for things to be done we need to find a way to work together on this for at least a reduction in the contaminates contributing to acid rain. Although there are right steps in the right directions but the government should be cracking down on factories not using the best filtering systems when incinerating or if the factory is giving off any other dangerous fumes.
UAB „West Express“ – tai turizmo agentūra, kuri užima lyderio pozicijas Lietuvos turizmo verslo rinkoje. Tai kompanija, kurioje dirba lanksti, nuolat tobulėjanti bei nebijanti iššūkių komanda, pasižyminti savo profesionalumu, aptarnavimo kokybe bei noru būti geriausiais. Įmonė vertina savo darbuotojų žinias, sugebėjimus bei savybes, padedančias žengti į priekį bei plėtoti ilgalaikius santykius su verslo partneriais ir klientais.
Rinkodara  Kursiniai darbai   (13 psl., 47,93 kB)
Aplinkosaugos samprata ir strategija. Globalinės aplinkosaugos problemos (Aplinkos buklė Lietuvoje). Kietosios atliekos bei jų tvarkymas. Atliekų susidarymo šaltiniai, rūšys ir apskaita. Atliekų surinkimo sistema. Atliekų perdirbimas ir deponavimas. Technologijų be atliekų kūrimas. Cheminis nutekamųjų vandenų valymas. Biologinis nutekamųjų vandenų valymas. Oro valymas bei taršos mažinimas. Aplinkos apsaugos valdymo sistema Lietuvoje. Aplinkosaugos teisinio reguliavimo svarba.
Vadyba  Kursiniai darbai   (48 psl., 150,75 kB)
To start with, I would like to say that I grew up in country which is called Pikteikiai. So I am country’s child. My home country is in Klaipėda district, 38 kilometres from Klaipėda..... I finished secondary school in Gargždai, so it is like my native town. Because of it I would like to talk more about this town. Gargždai is 16 kilometres from Pikteikiai. It is one of the oldest living places in whole Lithuania.
Anglų kalba  Rašiniai   (5 psl., 10,06 kB)
Pirmiausia reikia išsiaiškinti, kas yra socialinis pedagogas, kokios jo funkcijos? Kas būdinga asmenybei? G. Kvieskienė (Kvieskienė, 2003) yra pasakiusi labai prasmingą teiginį, jog socialiniai pedagogai – vaiko gerovės sergėtojai ir vaiko advokatai – siekia apsaugoti tuos, už kuriuos atsako, tai yra mažiausius ir silpniausius piliečius. Šio tikslo jie siekia pasitelkdami humanizmo mąstytojų idėjas, iškiliausių praktikų pedagogų, altruistų, dvasinės sferos darbuotojų atsidavimą begalinei būčiai, aukojimąsi visoms būties apraiškoms. Socialinis pedagogas spręsdamas kitų problemas pirmiausia pasitelkia savo jėgomis, sugebėjimu greitai orientuotis situacijoje, savo erudicija.
Komunikacijos  Diplominiai darbai   (68 psl., 123,21 kB)
Pollution problems
2009-10-09
Today pollution is very important problem in the world. What we can see on television, or hear on the radio about our environment is only wishful thinking, because in the real life, around us, there is lots of rubbish, water is unhealthy and air is not very clean. People drop litter around and they don’t think about consequences. We should take thought about saving the environment, because it is one of the biggest gifts of the life.
Anglų kalba  Pagalbinė medžiaga   (1 psl., 3,46 kB)
The world's population will soon reach a level where there will not be enough resources to sustain life as we know it. Growth must be checked to avoid this catastrophe. Many environmental, social, and economic problems either stem from or are increased in magnitude by the overpopulation problem. With an exponentially increasing population, the problems created by overpopulation grow correspondingly.
Kita  Pagalbinė medžiaga   (1 psl., 3,66 kB)
Lithuania is a very beautiful country. It is very rich with many plants and animals. But of course we must save what we have. The most beautiful part of nature is our thick forests. They cover 27,9% our all territory. So we can admire our woods. But they are not like they were 5 or 6 hundred ago. Then our forests were just inpassable and full of different animals. But many people have cut these beautiful woods and now we have only 18,000 separate plots. But now when people understand the threat of extinction and many organisations plant new pine forests.
Anglų kalba  Rašiniai   (2 psl., 4,6 kB)
Environment
2009-08-06
No human being can stand apart from the environment because each of us is a part of a natural world. We all depend upon our environment and our environment is depending upon us. Our survival and survival of the future generations depend upon a healthy world.
Anglų kalba  Rašiniai   (1 psl., 2,77 kB)
Pranešimas, rašinėlis anglų kalba. priklauso, kaip panaudosi. The living conditions in our city are getting worse and worse. Exhaust fumes and smoke from the factories are polluting the air. Furthermore, the rivers and sea are being polluted by chemicals from the factories and people are suffering from breathing difficulties and stomach problems. We should do something it is too late.
Anglų kalba  Rašiniai   (1 psl., 3,62 kB)
Clean up the World
2009-07-10
The work of ecology. Air’s pollution. Earht’s pollution. Water’s pollution. The End. Olden time’s people lived in accord with the nature. Later, when the humanity have created powerful machines, various chemical materials, learned to govern the nuclear energy, there appeared lots of ecological problems. The most important elements of our surroundings ­- air, water and soil are more and more polluted.
Anglų kalba  Referatai   (4 psl., 9,09 kB)
3D Graphics cards. Keywords: 3D graphics, acceleration, antialiasing, alphatransparency, depth cueing, fogging, mipmapping, AGP, PCI, DirectX®, OpenGL®, Glide®, texture, frame buffer. Annotation.
Informatika  Namų darbai   (3 psl., 5,31 kB)
The relationship between crafts and design is difficult to define. You are faced with several issues as context and the definition of both: design and craft. According to the dictionary craft means- a special skill or ability. An occupation especially when that demands manual skills. And design means- a decorative or artistic work to plan by making preliminary sketches or outlines". Intentionally the dictionary makes both: craft and design sound like the same thing but really they are not, and in my essay I would like to look at their relationship through their differences and the context in which they are interpreted.
Dailė  Referatai   (3,56 kB)
My company
2009-07-09
"Oil" internationally differentiates in its high operational and moral principles; the company is easy- to- reach for customers working within Europe and in other regions; it not only represents their interests, but also constantly searches for the possibilities to fulfill them better. With our regularity and high level of forwarding services, we seek to contribute to the inclusion of the Baltic region into the international transport corridors.
Anglų kalba  Referatai   (2,14 kB)
Nowadays the air, water and soil pollution have become a really big problem. Humanity thinks too little about natural resources and future of our descendants, as well as the world face, the disappearance of rainforests and global warming. The rapidly developing industry has polluted the air and the water. People, animals and plants are closely connected to each other. The usual order being broken, the nature starts to clean itself in a way that is harmful to the man himself.
Anglų kalba  Referatai   (3,68 kB)
Air pollution
2009-07-09
I would like to talk about air pollution, becouse it is one of the major problems of the planet. Air pollution is made up of many kinds of gases, droplets and particles that reduce the quality of the air. Air can be polluted in both the city and the country. In the city, cars, buses and airplanes, as well as industry and construction may cause air pollution. In the country, dust from tractors plowing fields, trucks and cars driving on dirt or gravel roads, rock quarries and smoke from wood and crop fires may cause air pollution. Ground-level ozone is the major part of air pollution in most cities.
Anglų kalba  Referatai   (4,85 kB)
Chernobyl accident
2009-07-09
• The Chernobyl accident in 1986 was the result of a flawed reactor design that was operated with inadequately trained personnel and without proper regard for safety. • The resulting steam explosion and fire released about five percent of the radioactive reactor core into the atmosphere and downwind. • 30 people were killed, and there have since been up to ten deaths from thyroid cancer due to the accident. • An authoritative UN report in 2000 confirmed that there is no scientific evidence of any significant radiation-related health effects to most people exposed.
Anglų kalba  Namų darbai   (5,28 kB)
Lithuania
2009-07-09
Lithuania is situated on the eastern shore of the Baltic Sea and borders Latvia on the north, Belarus on the east and south, and Poland and the Kaliningrad region of Russia on the southwest. It is a country of gently rolling hills, many forests, rivers and streams, and lakes. Its principal natural resource is agricultural land. Government. Parliamentary democracy. History. The Liths, or Lithuanians, united in the 12th century under the rule of Mindaugas, who became king in 1251.
Geografija  Referatai   (9,82 kB)
SIngapore
2009-07-09
Singapore founded as a British trading colony in 1819, Singapore joined Malaysia in 1963, but withdrew two years later and became independent. It subsequently became one of the world's most prosperous countries, with strong international trading links (its port is one of the world's busiest) and with per capita GDP equal to that of the leading nations of Western Europe. Singapore is a city-country, locating in the south of Malaya.
Geografija  Namų darbai   (6,35 kB)
Java
2009-07-09
Apžvelkime Java kalbos pagrindines teigiamybes ir trūkumus, lygindami ją su kol kas populiariausia programavimo kalba C++. Paprastumas 1) Java neturi adresų (rodyklių) aritmetikos. Java dirba tik su tais objektais, su kuriais ryšys palaikomas per kintamuosius. Taigi Java kintamasis savaime nėra objektas, bet tik nuoroda į objektą.
Informatika  Konspektai   (5,26 kB)
Puerto Rikas
2009-07-09
Even though Puerto Rico has three times voted against becoming a U.S. state, yet another effort is being made to persuade Puerto Rico to change its mind. Of course, the Democratic Party thinks making Puerto Rico our 51st state is a cool idea because that would give the Democrats two additional U.S. Senators and 6 to 8 additional Members of the House, more congressional representation than 25 of our 50 states.
Anglų kalba  Rašiniai   (2,55 kB)
Acid Rain
2009-07-09
Acid rain is a serious problem with disastrous effects. Each day this serious problem increases, many people believe that this issue is too small to deal with right now this issue should be met head on and solved before it is too late. In the following paragraphs I will be discussing the impact has on the wildlife and how our atmosphere is being destroyed by acid rain. CAUSES Acid rain is a cancer eating into the face of Eastern Canada and the North Eastern United States.
Anglų kalba  Referatai   (3,72 kB)
A variety of environmental problems now affect our entire world. As globalization continues and the earth's natural processes transform local problems into international issues, few societies are being left untouched by major environmental problems. Some of the largest problems now affecting the world are Acid Rain, Air Pollution, Global Warming, Hazardous Waste, Ozone Depletion, Smog, Water Pollution, Overpopulation, and Rain Forest Destruction. Every environmental problem has causes, numerous effects, and most importantly, a solution. Our climate is changing.
Anglų kalba  Referatai   (2,37 kB)
Nightclub is a business that is open at least twice a week and provides some type of regularly scheduled entertainment. It usually has an area for dancing if it is a dance club or a stage where patrons may observe entertainment such as live bands, comedy, magic, exotic dancers, etc. Most clubs serve alcoholic beverages and may or may not have dining. Night clubs have become the new fad in town!
Anglų kalba  Namų darbai   (4,84 kB)
This section describes why leaders exist and what knowledge, skills, and abilities are important to manage learning. We know, to begin, that leaders exist because man is a social creature. The leader in our society is responsible for the essential tasks in the collections of groups that make up civilization. In most traditional or conventional training events, because of a lack of systematic programming, most of the emphasis is focused on attempts to change people's perception. Little time is usually allocated for practice and even less to measure changes in performance during the training situation.
Anglų kalba  Referatai   (4,62 kB)
Cat's
2009-07-09
A group of cats is referred to as a clowder, a male cat is called a tom, and a female is called a queen. The male progenitor of a cat, especially a pedigreed cat, is its sire, and its female progenitor is its dam. An immature cat is called a kitten (which is also an alternative name for young rats, rabbits, hedgehogs, beavers, squirrels and skunks). In medieval Britain, the word kitten was interchangeable with the word catling. A cat whose ancestry is formally registered is called a pedigreed cat, purebred cat, or a show cat (although not all show cats are pedigreed or purebred). In strict terms, a purebred cat is one whose ancestry contains only individuals of the same breed.
Anglų kalba  Referatai   (23,62 kB)
European Union
2009-07-09
The European Union is the European supranational organization dedicated to increasing economic integration and strengthening co-operation among its member states. It was established on November 1, 1993, when the Treaty on Eu was ratified by the 12 members of the European Community (EC) – Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, and Spain. Under the treaty on EU, customs and immigration agreements were enhanced to allow European citizens greater freedom to live, work, or study in any of the member states, and border controls were relaxed.
Anglų kalba  Namų darbai   (2,61 kB)
Egypt
2009-07-09
Capital – CAIRO Area – 1001 450 km² Populate number – 66 100 000. Language – Arabic. Basic religion – Islam 94% , Other 6% Government – Many parties democracy. Monetary unit – Egypt pound. Literate – 50% Life duration – 61 years. People for 1 doctor – 1320. TVs for 1000 people – 109. Longest river – Nile (this river longest in the world). Egyptian History. gypt is one of the most fertile areas of Africa, and one of the most fertile of the countries around the Mediterranean Sea. Because it is so fertile, people came to live in Egypt earlier than in most places, probably around 40,000 years ago.
Anglų kalba  Referatai   (4,4 kB)
Leonardo Wilhelm DiCaprio. Nickname Leo. Height 5' 11" (1.80 m). Mini biography. His name allegedly derives from his German mother Irmalin's having experienced a sudden kick from her unborn boy while enjoying a DaVinci painting at the Uffizi. In the year following his birth, she and his Italian father, George, were divorced. He grew up in Echo Park, then a particularly seedy, drug-dominated area of Los Angeles.
Anglų kalba  Namų darbai   (5,36 kB)
Business Ethics
2009-07-09
Business ethics is a form of applied ethics, a branch of philosophy. As such, it takes the ethical concepts and principles developed at a more theoretical, philsophical level, and applies them to specific business situations. Generally speaking, business ethics is a normative discipline, whereby particular ethical standards are assumed and then applied. It makes specific judgements about what is right or wrong, which is to say, it makes claims about what ought to be done or what ought not to be done. While there are some exceptions, business ethicists are usually less concerned with the foundations of ethics (metaethics), or with justifying the most basic ethical principles, and are more concerned with practical problems and applications, and any specific duties that might apply to business relationships.
Anglų kalba  Konspektai   (6,48 kB)
Planets
2009-07-09
For over fifty years, a number of nations have been involved in the exploration of outer space. This research is very costly. Has this money been well-spent or wasted? Some people believe that most space research should be eliminated because of its expense. These people point out the fact that it costs billions of dollars to send astronauts to the moon, but all they bring are some worthless rocks. These people say that the money wasted in outer space could be spent on more important projects on earth, such as providing housing for homeless people, improving the education system, saving the environment, finding cures for diseases.
Anglų kalba  Konspektai   (4,82 kB)
Crime
2009-07-09
Today’s teenagers have many drugs in their bodies crack, cocaine and many deadly weapons in their hands. Guns in the guns of teenagers and violence on TV and in films may be problems, but they are not the only ones. Children spend too much time hanging out. The positively example of family, shool, religion have grown weak and ineffective. Young single mothers are unprepared for child rearing… Many boys do not have the example to a strong positive male model.
Anglų kalba  Konspektai   (3,34 kB)
Anglų kalba
2009-07-09
Everyone wants to live clean, nice and tidy. We like to look at somewhere and say: “What a niece place! How wonderful! Just like in heaven!”. But what are we doing to make the surrounding like this? To my mind just nothing… On the contrary – we do much more to destroy our environment. Living conditions in the world are getting worse and worse. Exhaust fumes and smoke from factories are polluting the air, trees are cutting down, and streets are full rubbish and grime. Furthermore rivers are being polluted by chemicals from factories too.
Anglų kalba  Konspektai   (4,89 kB)
Canada and all of the developed countries in the world produce some kind of toxic waste(s). It doesn't matter whether it's a chocolate bar wrapper or a canister of highly radioactive plutonium, they're potentially dangerous to us and/or our natural environment unless properly disposed of. Toxic waste is defined as any waste that is hazardous to human health or to our natural environment. According to the Institute of Chemical Waste Management, about 15% of our garbage is classified as toxic, and only 85% (approximately) of that is disposed of properly. The rest is either illegally dumped or accidentally mixed up with non-toxic garbage.
Knauf, a family name, and a corporate group of global dimensions. A leading manufacturer of building materials worldwide, including plasterboards, plasters, insulation materials and external renders, with a turnover of Euro 2.5 bn. With over 100 plants in Europe, Asia, USA and South America, it is through technical innovation and high quality standards that Knauf leads the development of markets across the Globe. Committed to the environment, Knauf is active in retaining the natural balance across all our operations.
About Hronas
2009-07-09
JSC "Hronas" was established in 1993. The Company started with importing and installing plastic windows. Early in 1994 the new production equipment >was brought to and window production started in Lithuania. During seven years of strenuous work the Company has gradually introduced one of the most state-of-the-art aluminium, plastic and wooden construction production processes in Europe.
About Forbo
2009-07-09
Forbo is a global company, which employs some 5,800 people worldwide. Forbo has leading market positions with its attractive product portfolio and brand names of global reputation. Forbo strives to expand and further its existing product range and encourage innovation. The Forbo Group attaches great importance to quality assurance, quality enhancement and environmental compatibility.
Pollution
2009-07-09
I’m going to speak about some kinds of pollution, for example air pollution or acid rain, water pollution. Now different kinds of trees, many of the animals, birds, fish are in serious danger. What should government do to stop the polluting, nowadays? First of all I would like to speak about water pollution There is no ocean or sea which is not used as a dump. Many rivers and lakes are poisoned, too. Fish and reptiles can’t live in them.
About Paroc
2009-07-09
We have almost 50 years' experience of developing, manufacturing and distributing stone wool products for use by the building industry and other industries. We are currently the leading stone wool manufacturer in the Baltic region, with Sweden and Finland as our main markets. Our annual turnover is more than 235 million euro. Paroc has plants in Finland, Sweden, Poland, Lithuania and the United Kingdom, plus sales companies in fourteen European countries. Paroc offices are located in Vanda (head office) and Pargas, Finland, and in Skövde, Sweden. We employ some 1,700 people.
Megrame
2009-07-09
UAB Megrame was established on 26 March 1992 and was the first in Lithuania to start the production of plastic windows. The President of the company is Juozas Magelinskas. Megrame has been a member of the Lithuanian Builders' Association since 1996. The company has two subsidiaries, i.e. Vakarų Megrame and Pietų Megrame, and its representatives in twelve cities and towns of Lithuania.
Public services is a term usually used to mean services provided by government to its citizens, either directly (through the public sector) or by financing private provision of services. The term is associated with a social consensus (usually expressed through democratic elections) that certain services should be available to all, regardless of income. Even where public services are neither publicly provided nor publicly financed, for social and political reasons they are usually subject to regulation going beyond that applying to most economic sectors.
Anglų kalba  Referatai   (8,51 kB)
Paukščiai
2009-07-09
Moose Class: Mammalia: Mammals Diet: Plants Order: Artiodactyla: Even-toed Ungulates Size: body: 2.5 - 3 m (8 1/4 - 9 3/4 ft), tail: 5 - 7.5 cm (2 - 3 in) Family: Cervidae: Deer Conservation Status: Non-threatened. Scientific Name: Alces alces Habitat: coniferous forest, often near lakes and rivers Range: Northern Europe and Asia: Scandinavia to Siberia; Alaska, Canada, Northern U.S.A.; introduced in New Zealand. The largest of the deer, the moose is identified by its size, its broad, overhanging muzzle and the flap of skin, known as the bell, hanging from its throat.
Anglų kalba  Referatai   (5,01 kB)
Lithuania
2009-07-09
Lithuania is a small piece of land at the Baltic Sea in the geographical centre of Europe. On the map of Europe Lithuania can hardly catch your attention, because its area is only 65,000 sq. km. The borders of our country stretch for more than 1800 km. In the North it borders Latvia, in the East and in the South Belorussia, in the South - West Poland and the Kaliningrad Region of the Russian Federation.
Anglų kalba  Referatai   (16,48 kB)
Delivery of speech
2009-07-09
It is known that public speaking is a transaction between you and your audience. Just as the language you choose for your message should reflect the nature of your audience, so too should your delivery. Specifically, we discuss choosing an appropriate method of delivery, adapting to diverse audiences, and adapting delivery to the speech occasion.
Anglų kalba  Referatai   (9,62 kB)
Since the 1980s, there has been a growing body of evidence to suggest that industrialisation is having an effect on the climate of the planet. As concern has grown, a number of international bodies have been set up to research the issue, and more recently a series of treaties have been established to help curb the emission of so-called 'greenhouse gases'. The most important of these was the 1997 Kyoto Protocol (see below for a link to the full text of the agreement) as part of which the European Union, the USA and Japan agreed to reduce their carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions.
Anglų kalba  Konspektai   (4,8 kB)
Yra nemažai bankų ir jų veiklos saugai skirtų publikacijų, kuriose pateiktas visas spektras reikalingų organizacinių ir technologinių banko veiklos apsaugos priemonių, pradedant nuo valstybių, kuriose veikia bankas ir jo padaliniai, juridinės bazės ir baigiant asmenine banko valdytojo ir labai svarbių klientų apsauga. Ir panašių priemonių sąrašas labai priklauso nuo banko struktūros, banko valdymo modelio, saugos tarnybos ir kadrų tarnybos struktūros bei vidaus tarnybos statuto, nuo daugelio kitų faktorių.
Finansai  Kursiniai darbai   (15,65 kB)
Baigimasis darbas parašytas 2004 metais Lietuvos žemės ūkio universitete, darbas apgintas 8 balams, darbas geras, darbe atlikta bankų veiklos analizė įmonių kreditavimo srityje.
Ekonomika  Diplominiai darbai   (21,28 kB)
Maisto saugos vadybos sistemos projektas. Anglų kalba. Projektas buvo pristatytas Kopenhagos universitete, Danijoje. Darbas buvo yvertintas labai gerai. Vertas dėmesio studijuojantiems maisto pramonę.
Pramonė  Referatai   (14,77 kB)
Namų darbas iš knygos "Upstream intermediate", gavau 10 (labai turtingas žodynas ir puikios konstrukcijos). The aim of this article is to resolve a question of improving our college’s snack bar, which will be changed to a modern self-service cafeteria. I have some ideas that might be useful. When we talk of cafeteria we firstly think of the food, which will be included on the menu.
Anglų kalba  Rašiniai   (1,17 kB)
Anglų kalbos temos
2009-07-09
Personal identification I’m Darius. I was born in 1978 on the 21th of February in Kaunas. I don’t remember anything about the weather that day, but I know that it was about 2:30 p.m. I was the first child in the family. Our family is not very big, I have a brother. When I was a child I can't say, that I was a good boy. My parents always want me to be a good man, and now I'm very thankful for that.
Anglų kalba  Rašiniai   (15,57 kB)
Littering
2009-07-09
Anglų tema apie šiukšlinimo įtaką mūsų aplinkai. In today‘s fast moving world, one of the biggest problem is littering. Our environment is more and more polluting with litters and, to my mind, we should do something to solve this problem and save our planet from trashes.
Nuclear energy
2009-07-09
The relative costs of generating electricity from coal, gas and nuclear plants vary considerably depending on location. Coal is, and will probably remain, economically attractive in countries such as China, the USA and Australia with abundant and accessible domestic coal resources as long as carbon emissions are cost-free.
Family Relationship
2009-07-09
Psichologinė analizė apie santykius šeimoje. Families shape the quality of our lives. Emotional links among family members stretch across households and decades, influencing our outlooks on life, motivations, and strategies for achievement, and styles for coping with adversity. Family relations are the earliest and most enduring social relationships.
Hotels provide the vast majority of the accommodation for those traveling on business, atending conferences and exibitions or perticipating in incentives trips. In the UK hotels and guset hauses between them account for two – thirds of all business tourism accomodation. Only universities ( mainly for conferences ) and friends and family provide any other significant forms of accommodation.
Lithuania
2009-07-09
Už sį darba gavau 10 . Stengtasi ir ilgai ieškota informacijos...
Anglų kalba  Referatai   (2,69 kB)
Internet
2009-07-09
The Internet is a worldwide, publicly accessible series of interconnected computer networks that transmit data by packet switching using the standard Internet Protocol (IP). It is a "network of networks" that consists of millions of smaller domestic, academic, business, and government networks, which together carry various information and services, such as electronic mail, online chat, file transfer, and the interlinked web pages and other resources of the World Wide Web (WWW).
Anglų kalba  Kursiniai darbai   (15,94 kB)
Danger of terrorism
2009-07-09
This topic concerns wide aspect of crimes, because definition of terrorism isn’t unanimous concept.
Anglų kalba  Referatai   (8 kB)
The living conditions in our city are getting worse and worse. We should do something before it is too late. Air pollution is a very important problem in our town. The biggest air polluters are cars. They emit very toxic fumes. To prevent pollution, governments should improve public transport, build bicycles tracks, offer to people to buy more modern and less polluting vehicles.
Anglų kalba  Referatai   (0,91 kB)
Dialogai
2009-07-09
Dialogai, kuriuos tenka kalbėti įskaitos metu, temos iš egzaminų programos.
Anglų kalba  Namų darbai   (3,48 kB)
Charlie Chaplin, who brought laughter to millions worldwide as the silent "Little Tramp" clown, had the type of poor childhood that one would expect to find in a Dickens novel. Born in East Street, Walworth, London on 16 April, 1889, Charles Spencer Chaplin was the son of a music hall singer and his wife.
Anglų kalba  Referatai   (7 kB)
Essay
2009-07-09
Is life better for today’s young people than it was for their parents?
Anglų kalba  Namų darbai   (0,91 kB)
My dream house
2009-07-09
The topic of my talk is my dream house. As an introduction to my talk I want to say that I feel fine in our house, but everyone wants to live better, I think. Firstly, I’d like to tell you about lifestyle of living in a city and living in a country. The townies are more private people than the villager. Often the peoples, who live in the city, know their neighbours just by sight.
Anglų kalba  Namų darbai   (1,61 kB)
Emotions
2009-07-09
Perhaps all of us have experienced both positive and negative feelings. We all have felt joy, sorrow or fear. All these feelings represent emotions – feelings that generally have both physiological and cognitive elements and that influence behavior. So when we experience a feeling it is likely that there are changes, for example, in our heart rate.
Anglų kalba  Namų darbai   (4,12 kB)
The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, by Mark Twain, is about a young boy, Huck, in search of freedom and adventure.
Anglų kalba  Konspektai   (11,73 kB)
Transport
2009-07-09
Express your opinion on having a car. Is it a dream or a reality? What is the advantages and disadvantages (including environment) of having a car? gali prireikti ruosiantis valstybiniam anglu kalbos egzaminui. Įvertintas 10.
Childhood should be a happy time spent playing with friends, enjoying a favorite toy — even planning for the first day of school. But children in the developing world spend most of their childhood struggling to survive, without much hope for a secure, productive life.
Anglų kalba  Konspektai   (3,05 kB)
Enviroment
2009-07-09
Neblogai įvertinas tekstas. The main topic of my individual talk will be about living surroundings. In addition, I will give some pieces of advice how to live in a clean and healthy enviroment. First, I would like to say that no human could stand being apart from enviroment becouse each of us is a part of the natural world. As you know, we are dependable from enviroment.
Anglų kalba  Konspektai   (1,83 kB)
The environmental damage is probably the most significant of nowadays problems. This is the result of ourselves behavior with environment. In addition, the Industrial Revolution had huge effects to environmental damage. In my opinion, there are several solutions to this problem.
Anglų kalba  Analizės   (0,86 kB)
Today education has become a token of an advanced, healthy and competent society. In fact, modern education more than ever before is aiming to provide experiences that will be useful in life (Smith 153). In the process of deciding which activities are effective and should be included in the high school curriculum, a clash between opinions often arises.
Anglų kalba  Analizės   (5,45 kB)
Comparison essay on tax systems in Great Britain, The United States of America and Lithuania.
Anglų kalba  Analizės   (5,76 kB)
Many people believe that religion occurs only in the church, temple, or other spiritual places of gathering. They see religion and society as complete, separate entities. While this view may appear correct on the surface, a closer look at religion and society reveals that the two are not separate at all, but intricately interconnected and codependent.
Anglų kalba  Analizės   (6,54 kB)
Palyginimas darželių, mokyklų ir rebilitacijos klinikos Norvegijoje ir Lietuvoje. Darbas pristatytas Agderio universitete Norvegijoje.
Anglų kalba  Analizės   (8,8 kB)
Pollution problems
2009-07-09
Kalba apie gamtos problemas. Gavau 9. Klaidų daug, bet mokytoja sakė, kad turinys geras.
Anglų kalba  Analizės   (1,67 kB)
Verslo portfolio
2009-07-03
Bostono matrica. Kryptinės politikos matrica. Įmonės stipriųjų pusių/rinkos patrauklumo matrica. SVV pozicijų rinkoje modelio trūkumai. Portfolio naudojimas. Portfolio analizės svarba. Aptariant strateginio verslo vieneto (SVV) poziciją rinkoje, jo padėtį, lyginant su kitais konkuruojančiais SVV, naudojamas Bostono matricos modelis. Šį modelį sudarė Bostono Konsultavimo Grupė (Boston Consulting Group), todėl modelis pavadintas Bostono matrica. Modelio sudarytojai teigė, kad svarbiausi veiksniai, sąlygojantys SVV ilgo laikotarpio pelną, yra rinkos augimo tempai ir SVV užimama padėtis rinkoje.
Rinkodara  Pagalbinė medžiaga   (19 psl., 47,18 kB)
Lithuania has nature and beautiful landscapes. And yet many plants and animals cannot survive without protected areas. We must protect nature from people - and for people. Any species can be leaded into extinct if they are hunted, polluted or infected. One of the smallest species vanishing in nature can cause irretrievable affect to others one’s. This is because all of species are involved into the natural chain of sustenance.
Anglų kalba  Rašiniai   (1 psl., 3,13 kB)
Strateginio valdymo teoriniai aspektai. Strateginio valdymo samprata. Strateginio valdymo modelių analizė. Strategijų rūšys. Strategijos formavimo procesas. Tikslai ir misija. Strategiją veikiančių veiksnių įvertinimas. Aplinkos įvertinimas. Konkurencingumo įvertinimas. Strategijos formavimas UAB "Interscalit" pavyzdžiu panaudojus ES struktūrinius fondus. Verslo raida ir ūkinės veiklos rezultatai. Bendrovės misija, vizija ir kokybės politika. Tiksliniai rinkos segmentai. Finansinė būklė. Gamybos technologija. Gamybos procesas. Daigstymo technologijos. Pardavimo rinka ir konkurentai. Pardavimo rinkos. Rinkos segmentai. Konkurentai. Numatoma įdiegti technologija. Technologinio kompleksiškumo privalumai. SWOT analizė. Rizikos analizė. Valdymo rizika. Išorinė rizika. Įmonėje taikomos strategijos. Numatytos priemonės bendrovės strategijos įgyvendinimui. Pajamų ir sąnaudų prognozavimas. Bendrosios skaičiavimų rengimo prielaidos. Labiausiai tikėtinas scenarijus. Alternatyvūs prognozės scenarijai. Bendrovės strategijos įgyvendinimas negavus ERPF paramos.
Vadyba  Diplominiai darbai   (73 psl., 216,05 kB)
Charles Chaplin. Galileo. The elderly in America. A camping trip. Tips for travellers. Charles Spencer Chaplin was the comedian, the greatest film comic in the history of mankind. The actor was born in 1889 in the London East End. Sydney was his brother, fuor years older than Charles. Chaplin’s parents were actors. Two children adored their mother for her blue eyes and long light brown hair. Littlle Charlie cuoldn’t remember his father. Mother told him that he was a very good artist.
Anglų kalba  Referatai   (5 psl., 10,1 kB)
Environment is dying every second. People, cars, factories and a lot more forces cause this. So we should take some action to save our environment. First and the most important step is to become environmental friendly person.
Anglų kalba  Pateiktys   (1 psl., 3,08 kB)
Pagalba ruošiantis anglų kalbos egzamino kalbėjimo daliai.
Lietuvių kalba  Pagalbinė medžiaga   (8 psl., 19,36 kB)